10 Facts About The Battle Of Gettysburg – The sky turned bright red as the sun rose over Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 1, 1863. The fields outside the town were neat and quiet, with a few large wood and stone barns dotting the landscape. There was no indication that by the end of the day, the greatest battle ever to be fought on the North American continent would be fought on these very fields.
The American Civil War had started two years earlier, in 1861. The war was mainly about the issue of slavery. At the time, many white citizens owned enslaved black people. Then President Abraham Lincoln was against slavery and wanted to end it. Many people in the northern countries agreed with him; however, most people in the southern states relied on enslaved people to grow their crops and did not want slavery to end.
10 Facts About The Battle Of Gettysburg
That year, 11 southern states seceded from the United States, which was also known as the Union. These southern states formed the so-called Confederate States of America. The country has officially entered civil war.
Battle Of Gettysburg: Summary, Facts & Casualties
Battles raged for the next two years. Both sides experienced several victories and defeats. But in 1863 the Confederate army was in good spirits. In May, despite being outnumbered, they won a victory over Union soldiers, also known as Yankees, at Chancellorsville, Virginia.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee believed that the Northerners might withdraw their support for the war if his men were victorious again. His troops began marching north in June.
When news reached southern Pennsylvania that Lee’s army was on the way, the residents fled. The area was largely deserted when the Confederate soldiers appeared—except for the Union army, which awaited their arrival. Based on intelligence reports, the Yankees could predict when the Southerners would arrive – and camped at Cashtown to await them.
At first the Confederates overpowered the Yankees. Overwhelmed by the sheer size of the Southern army, the Union was forced to retreat from Cashtown to Gettysburg and await more troops. There, the Union, under General George Meade, regrouped and mounted a renewed defense.
About The Battle Of Gettysburg » Almanac » Surfnetkids
By the second day, the Yankees numbered about 94,000 soldiers; Confederates about 72,000. General Lee attacked first. Both sides suffered heavy losses, but Meade’s Union defensive lines remained strong.
On the last day of the battle, General Lee decided to launch an aggressive attack. He sent General George Pickett – with about 12,500 men – to attack the Union army directly. Pickett’s attack ultimately failed, leaving more than half of his men wounded or killed. General Lee and the Confederate army retreated.
The Battle of Gettysburg remains the deadliest battle of the Civil War. As many as 23,000 Yankees and 28,000 Confederates were killed, wounded or captured in just three days.
Although the war lasted almost two more years, Gettysburg was the turning point toward the final Union victory in 1865. And that victory meant more than the preservation of the United States as a country. It also marked the end of slavery, an institution that had divided the nation since its founding in 1776.
Facts About The Battle Of Gettysburg You Might Not Know I Interesting Facts
In his address on November 19, 1863, President Lincoln said it was best that the cemetery be dedicated to the soldiers who fell at Gettysburg. The battle not only ensured that the United States would not “disappear from the face of the earth,” but ultimately gave the nation “a new birth of liberty.”
Today, millions of people visit the battlefield every year. There they shed tears or silently pay tribute to the bravery and sacrifice of the soldiers who lost their lives at Gettysburg.
Visitors to Gettysburg National Cemetery can pay their respects at the Soldiers’ National Monument, dedicated to those who lost their lives in the Civil War.
TEXT ADAPTED FROM SUMNER’S BLOODIEST DAYS: THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG AS TOLD ON ALL SIDES AND THE NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC BOOK OF ALL BATTLES John Perritan and James Spears The Battle of Gettysburg was fought in Pennsylvania between the Union and the Pennsylvanians. It is considered the greatest battle of the American Civil War. The Battle of Gettysburg marks the northernmost advance of Confederate forces and is considered the turning point of the war.
Top 10 Amazing Facts About Battle Of Gettysburg (1863)
Three days of fighting ended in the failure of the Confederate army led by General Robert E. Lee to invade the North. Although the Confederates outnumbered the Union forces, they were quickly decimated by enemy fire and only 150 of the 15,000 Confederate soldiers reached the Union battle lines. This decisive Northern victory marked the beginning of the end of the Confederacy.
5 Casualties There were more casualties in the Battle of Gettysburg than in any other battle. Nearly 27,000 Confederate soldiers were killed, wounded, or missing in action at the Battle of Gettysburg.
6 Gettysburg Address “Forty-seven years ago our fathers on this continent created a new nation, founded in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. We are now engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so designed and so devoted, can long endure. We meet on the great battlefield of this war. We have come to dedicate a portion of this field as a final resting place for those who gave their lives here so that this nation might live… It is perfectly right and proper that we should do so. But in a broader sense we cannot sanctify, we cannot sanctify, we cannot sanctify this land. The brave men, living and dead, who fought here, dedicated it far beyond our poor power to add or subtract. The world will notice little and will remember for a long time what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. it is our life that we here prefer to work on the unfinished business that those who fought here have done so nobly advanced. It is more fitting for us that we are here committed to the great task that still lies before us – to take from these esteemed dead a greater devotion to that cause for which they gave their last full measure of devotion – that here we are strongly resolved that these dead shall not die in vain, that this nation under With God, there is a new birth of freedom and this government of the people, from the people, because the people will not disappear from the earth.”
Reconstruction transformed the country politically, socially and economically. 40,000 Georgians killed or permanently displaced in the fighting. 460,000 newly freed slaves faced the new world with hope and uncertainty. There were more than 30 battles in Georgia. Estimated cost $2.5 million per day. Confederate Governor Joseph Brown left behind a war-torn country, civil unrest, and chaos. Georgia underwent reconstruction from 1865, when the civil war ended ( ), until 1871,
Gettysburg Myths And Misconceptions
In May 1863, Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia scored a crushing victory over the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville. Full of confidence, Lee decided to go on the offensive and invade the North a second time (the first invasion had ended at Antietam the previous fall). In addition to shifting the conflict from Virginia and diverting Northern troops from Vicksburg, where the Confederates were surrounded, Lee hoped to gain Confederate recognition from Great Britain and France and support the cause of the peaceful Northern “copperheads.”
On the Union side, President Abraham Lincoln lost confidence in the commander of the Army of the Potomac, Joseph Hooker, who seemed reluctant to face Lee’s army after the defeat at Chancellorsville. On June 28, Lincoln named Major General George Gordon Meade as Hooker’s successor. Meade immediately ordered a pursuit of Lee’s army of 75,000, which by then had crossed the Potomac River into Maryland and was marching into southern Pennsylvania.
Realizing that the army
The Battle Of Gettysburg Ends
Fun facts about the battle of gettysburg, facts about the battle of gettysburg, facts about battle of gettysburg, the gettysburg battle facts, facts about the gettysburg battle, facts about gettysburg battle, interesting facts about the battle of gettysburg, important facts about the battle of gettysburg, the battle of gettysburg, what was the battle of gettysburg about, information about the battle of gettysburg, the battle of gettysburg facts