Best Treatment To Get Rid Of Dark Spots On Face – Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP – Clinical Review by MaryAnn De Pietro, CRT March 29, 2019
Dark spots or hyperpigmentation occur when certain areas of the skin produce more melanin than normal. Melanin gives the color of eyes, skin and hair.
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Dark spots on the skin are not a cause for concern and do not require treatment, although people may choose to remove them for cosmetic reasons. Depending on the cause, people may refer to certain types of dark spots on the skin as age spots or sun spots.
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In this article, let’s see what causes dark spots on the skin and how people can get rid of them using skin care and home remedies.
Dark spots on the skin can range from light brown to dark brown. The color of dark spots can depend on the color of a person’s skin. The spots are similar in structure to the skin and are not painful.
Dark spots also vary in size and can develop on any part of the body, but are most commonly found in sun-exposed areas.
In dark-skinned people, a few spots darker than the skin usually disappear within 6-12 months. Dark spots can take years to fade. A deeper skin color usually appears blue or brown, although the rash can be much darker brown than a person’s natural skin color.
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Also known as sunspots, solar lentigines, or liver spots, people may develop dark spots on their skin after exposure to the sun or tanning beds.
Areas of the body that receive the most sunlight, such as the face, hands, or arms, are more likely to develop sunspots.
Melasma is a skin condition that causes small patches of skin. This condition is common in women, especially during pregnancy.
Some medications can increase skin pigmentation and cause dark spots. The most common culprits are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tetracyclines, and psychotropic drugs.
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Black spots may appear when the skin is inflamed. Inflammation can occur for a variety of reasons, including eczema, psoriasis, skin injuries, and acne.
Conditions associated with diabetes include acanthosis nigricans, which cause dark, velvety skin and scaly patches, or diabetic dermopathy, which people may confuse with age spots.
Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment, but some people want to remove the spots for cosmetic reasons.
A dermatologist can recommend creams or treatments to lighten dark spots or, in some cases, remove them. Treatments are more expensive than creams and may cause side effects, but they work faster.
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The best treatment option may depend on the cause, the size of the dark spots, and the area of the body.
There are different types of lasers. The most common laser for treating dark spots on the skin uses an intense pulsed light laser. The light targets melanin and destroys dark spots.
During microdermabrasion, the dermatologist uses a special tool with an abrasive surface to remove the outer layer of the skin. This treatment promotes the growth of new collagen, which helps reduce scarring.
A chemical peel involves the application of a solution that exfoliates the skin, allowing the skin to grow new skin. It can gradually remove dark spots on the skin.
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Cryotherapy is a procedure that involves the use of liquid nitrogen to freeze dark spots that damage skin cells. Often the skin heals a little.
Prescription whitening creams work by whitening the skin. It is usually slow acting and takes several months to reduce the appearance of dark spots.
Hydroquinone, the active ingredient in the cream, prevents the production of melanin in the skin. Strengths of prescription products are 3-4 percent.
Don’t recommend them. There isn’t enough evidence to show that they work, and there may be health risks.
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In addition to skin treatments and prescription medications, people can use some home remedies to lighten dark spots, as discussed in the following sections.
Over-the-counter skin lightening creams are not as strong as prescription medications, but they can work just as well.
Creams and serums contain a variety of ingredients, including retinol or alpha hydroxy acids that speed up exfoliation and promote new skin growth.
When looking for a skin lightening cream, always choose a cream recommended by a dermatologist, as some products can be harmful.
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Clinical studies using natural products to treat dark spots on the skin. They looked at several ingredients, including niacinamide (a type of vitamin B-3), soy, licorice extract, and mulberry.
A small 2017 study found that applying aloe vera gel to the skin may help reduce melasma after 5 weeks of pregnancy.
Although cosmetics do not lighten dark spots, they can cover them. People may consider using a cream-based concealer to reduce the appearance of blemishes.
People want to keep in mind that many of the home remedies offered on the web may have side effects or no evidence of effectiveness. Examples include lemon and apple cider vinegar. No studies support the claims that this treatment works.
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In some cases, unproven treatments can worsen the skin. For example, the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery does not recommend lemon juice or abrasive scrubs because these methods can make dark spots worse.
Some skin whitening products can do more harm than good. Many of them contain ingredients that are harmful to the skin or general health, such as mercury or steroids. Using them can lead to acne, blemishes and sensitive skin over time.
A doctor or dermatologist can use the Wood’s lamp skin test to diagnose dark spots on the skin.
A doctor or dermatologist can often determine the cause of dark spots on the skin by examining and taking a medical history.
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During a physical exam, a health care provider can test the skin with a wood lamp, which can see the spots using a special device that emits a black light.
In some cases, additional tests are needed to make sure that the specific characteristics of the spot are not causing skin cancer spots.
Black spots can appear on the skin of any person. Certain risk factors increase a person’s chance of:
It is not always possible to prevent the appearance of dark spots on the skin. For example, hormonal changes that can cause melasma during pregnancy cannot be prevented.
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However, there are some things people can do to reduce the likelihood of dark spots and prevent them from darkening:
In most cases, black spots on the skin are not harmful. But in some cases, it can be difficult to distinguish between dark spots and other skin changes, such as melanoma, a type of skin cancer.
People who don’t know what a blackhead is or can’t get rid of it can visit their doctor to learn more.
Dark spots or hyperpigmentation on the skin can be due to various reasons. They are usually harmless and do not require treatment. If a person wants to get rid of dark spots, they can try different treatments, including working with a dermatologist for cosmetic procedures or using over-the-counter products.
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The effectiveness of treatment may depend on the cause of dark spots and their extent. Dark spots on the skin may not disappear completely. It may take some time to see a difference, but treatment often lightens the spots.
Medical News Today only has rigorous sources and sources from peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutes, medical journals and associations. We avoid using third party links. We cite primary sources in each article, including studies, scholarly references, and statistics, and list them in the Sources section below our article. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and relevant by reading our editorial policy. Dark spots can be a very unpleasant skin problem to treat. Dark spots are areas of increased melanin production on the skin. Melanin is a cellular structure responsible for skin color. The more melanin in a skin area, the darker the skin. All skin types suffer from dark spots. Both men and women experience dark spots equally. Common causes of dark spots include acne, sun damage, and hormonal changes.
Acne: Every acne causes inflammation in the skin. Inflammation causes the skin to feel tender, hot, and red, but it also increases pigmentation in the area, leading to a significant increase in hyperpigmentation.
Sun Exposure: Repeated exposure to the sun’s UV rays prompts the skin to protect itself by producing more melanin, producing dark spots and increasing the color of existing dark spots. As we age, the skin’s ability to heal itself decreases, so dark spots remain.
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Hormones: There is a correlation between increased estrogen levels and irregular, dark pigmentation. Common changes in estrogen are pregnancy and birth control.
From creams to serums, there are many products on the market that promise but don’t deliver. Products sold in shopping centers or pharmacies do not have the ability to penetrate deep into the skin.
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