Dog Has Ear Infection What To Do – If you’re reading this, you most likely have had a dog ear infection. Otitis (ear inflammation) is the most common reason pet owners take their dogs to the vet. Many myths and misinformation have developed around ear disease. In this discussion, we will first start with the basics of ear disease and then address some of the misconceptions about otitis.
The most common symptoms of otitis are itching in the ears, shaking head, and a foul-smelling discharge from the ear canal. If your dog shows any of these signs, you should make an appointment with the vet. Your vet can diagnose an ear infection by examining the ear and taking a wax sample from the ear canal. Ear infections can be very painful, so sometimes your vet may recommend sedation or anesthesia to thoroughly examine the ear canal. It’s important to consult your veterinarian before putting anything in your pet’s ears!
Dog Has Ear Infection What To Do
Dogs usually get ear infections caused by fungi or bacteria. These microorganisms live in the ears and skin of mammals and usually do not cause problems. The normal ear canal is actually very resistant to infection, so something has to go ‘wrong’ for an infection to develop. Rather than listing all the different conditions that can cause otitis, we will discuss acute (‘one-off’) and chronic (continuous or recurring) otitis.
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Acute otitis is the most common type of otitis. Dogs with acute otitis usually respond well to vet eardrops and the infection will not come back. Dogs with drooping ears or dogs who swim a lot are more prone to this easy infection. Often there is no persistent disease which makes them susceptible to repeated infections.
A dog with chronic otitis is one whose ear infection returns weeks or months after the initial treatment. Your vet will often treat this dog in the same way as a dog with acute otitis media. The biggest difference is that the underlying cause of ear infections requires further investigation. The most common causes of chronic otitis are allergies, hormonal disturbances, excess oil production and skin production disorders (seborrhea). Dogs with chronic otitis need a short term plan and a long term plan; The short term plan involves eliminating the existing infection and the long term plan involves preventive maintenance to ensure that the infection does not recur. Again, always discuss this treatment with your veterinarian. Your vet may recommend a referral to a veterinary dermatologist who specializes in skin and ear disorders.
When ear infections are allowed to progress without treatment, changes to the ear canal can occur, including narrowing of the canal, scarring, and even bone formation (calcification). Many of these changes are irreversible and may require surgery to correct. Because of this, it’s important for dogs with chronic otitis to be proactive and prevent infection before it develops!
Now that we’ve covered some of the basics, let’s address some common questions about ear infections in dogs. How often should I clean my dog’s ears and with which ear cleaner?
Help Your Dog Avoid Ear Infections| Blue Buffalo
The simplest answer is that you clean your dog’s ears as often as they need to! For most normal dogs, only occasional ear cleaning is required. As discussed above, dogs with chronic otitis require frequent ear cleaning to prevent infection, even if their ears are functioning properly. These dogs often require special medicated cleansers to prevent infection. As always, your veterinarian is the best source for recommending ear cleaners for your pet. Dog owners should not get alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or essential oils in their pet’s ears as they can severely irritate the lining of the ear canal.
While swimming can cause ear infections in dogs, another disorder must be present for an infection to develop. Studies have been conducted where pure bacterial cultures are poured into the ear canals of normal dogs. This normal dog doesn’t have an ear infection! So if your dog develops otitis after swimming, you should discuss the underlying cause and treatment options with your veterinarian.
Some dogs have a lot of hair in their ear canals that can trap dirt and moisture, leading to ear infections. This is very common in poodles and poodle mixes (labradoodles, goldendoodles, etc.) In these dogs clipping is essential to preventing ear infections. Trimming frequency should be tailored to each pet, as some dogs have more hair than others. Hair removal can sometimes irritate the ducts and lead to the development of otitis media. If you notice that your pet’s ears hurt after grooming, check with your vet. Your vet may recommend that you use a cleaner or drops after removing your dog’s ears.
Some dogs get ear infections as a result of food allergies. Your vet may recommend a special prescription diet to help determine if a food allergy is contributing. Grain-free diets have become very popular recently and are promoted as a treatment for many common pet ailments, including ear infections. Unfortunately, there is no evidence to support this claim. When a dog is allergic to an ingredient in their food, it is protein (often beef, dairy, or chicken) rather than grain. Also, food allergies cannot be ruled out by switching from one store brand to another; Save yourself the headache and discuss diet with your vet.
Ear Infections And Ear Cleaning
If your pet has chronic ear infections, discuss the options with your veterinarian. Ear infections can be a significant cause of pain and can affect your relationship with your furry friend. Long-term success requires a firm commitment, but your dog will thank you! Dog ear infections can be a nuisance. Read on to learn more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of ear infections in dogs.
Ear infections can occur in the outer, inner or middle ear. Ear infection symptoms can vary from dog to dog, so if you notice anything wrong with your pup, it doesn’t hurt to visit the vet.
Dogs with long drooping ears are more prone to ear infections, but all dog breeds are susceptible.
Before you can help your pup deal with his ear infection, it’s important to know what could be causing it, what symptoms to look out for, treatment options, and how to prevent future ear infections.
What Are The Signs Of A Dog Ear Infection?
Ear infections boil down to inflammation or discomfort in the ear and can range from mild to severe.
The ear has a balance of bacteria and yeast. When irritation or discomfort occurs, the temperature, humidity and pH inside the ear can increase – making it the perfect breeding ground for bad bacteria to live.
Dogs are more prone to ear infections than humans because their ear canals are of a different shape. Dog ear canals are more vertical, while human ear canals are horizontal. Due to its vertical shape, fluids don’t always flow as easily as it does to the human ear. With that, you have a recipe for an ear infection.
Ear infection eventually occurs due to bacteria settling somewhere in the ear. Viruses can also be a cause, but this is not common.
Chronic Ear Infections And Total Ear Canal Ablation — Veterinary Medical Center Of Cny
Beyond these types of ear infections, your dog may have ear mites or canine malassezia (a type of yeast infection).
Regardless of the type of infection, it’s best to talk to your vet and let them diagnose and treat an ear infection.
Otitis externa is the most common ear infection in dogs. As the name suggests, it affects the external ear canal. This part of the dog’s ear starts from the earlobe and goes to the ear canal or eardrum.
Otitis externa occurs in all dog breeds, but is most often diagnosed in dogs with long ears. This includes breeds such as the Poodle, Beagle, Cocker Spaniel, Labrador Retriever, and German Shepherd.
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Located in the middle ear, otitis media is usually caused by an untreated external ear infection.
Otitis internal is the last type of ear infection that can be diagnosed in dogs. It is also the most problematic and serious. In severe cases, untreated otitis media and otitis interna can cause deafness, facial paralysis, nausea, vomiting, and more.
If you notice any of the following symptoms, take your furry friend to the vet for an examination and diagnosis.
Interestingly, some dogs can have ear infections but never show any signs of infection. This underscores the importance of cleaning your pup’s ears regularly – twice a month is a good rule of thumb to start with. Consult your veterinarian for recommendations specific to your pup.
Ear Care For Dogs 101: How To Prevent And Treat Ear Infections
In order to properly diagnose your pup, the vet will use an otoscope to examine his ears. An otoscope is a medical instrument used to magnify, which is very useful in identifying the cause of your pup’s ears.
During the exam, your vet will ask you questions
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