How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

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How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer – A punctured lung involves air escaping from the lung into the space between it and the chest wall. This complication can cause collapse of the lungs and breathing problems.

To understand how a punctured lung occurs, it helps to learn more about the anatomy of the lung.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

There are two layers of protective tissue called visceral and parietal pleura that surround the lungs. The space between the two layers is called pleural cavity or pleural space.

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The size of pneumothorax can vary and in some cases only a small part of the lung is involved.

A punctured lung can occur due to severe trauma such as a stab wound or gunshot wound to the chest.

Symptoms of lung perforation can be different. Usually, the larger the area of ​​the lung, the more severe the symptoms.

Signs of a punctured lung can also be seen on a chest X-ray, where black areas of air can be seen between the lung and the chest wall.

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What treatment is needed depends on the severity of the disease and whether the person has a problem or not.

In cases where only a small part of the lung has collapsed and the pneumothorax is considered limited, treatment may not be necessary. Excess air in the pleural space is reabsorbed and the lung expands again without assistance.

If no treatment is needed, the doctor will usually monitor the lung with frequent chest X-rays to make sure the condition has resolved.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

Some people whose oxygen levels have dropped due to a punctured lung may need supplemental oxygen until their lungs expand again.

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When there are symptoms such as shortness of breath or a large part of the lung is lost, treatment is needed.

The most common and effective way to deal with a punctured lung is to insert a chest tube or hollow needle.

For this procedure, the doctor inserts a hollow needle or chest tube into the pleural space to release air. A syringe is attached to the needle to remove excess air from the space.

A chest tube is made of plastic and is inserted into the body like a needle to remove air. The chest tube may be connected to a suction device to remove excess air from the pleural cavity.

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If a large part of the lung has collapsed, the chest tube may remain in place for several days.

As the air is expelled, the pressure on the lung is reduced and the lung tissue can expand again.

Additional measures may be necessary if not all air can be expelled or if excess air enters the pleural space.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

Recovery time from a punctured lung will vary. Recovery time is determined according to the extent of the pneumothorax and the treatment required. Generally, recovery takes several weeks.

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People recovering from a punctured lung may be taught breathing exercises to encourage full lung expansion.

It is better to talk to a doctor to determine how much breathing exercises should be done and for how long.

The outlook for a person with a punctured lung often depends on the cause, but treatment is often effective. Once a punctured lung heals, it usually does not cause any adverse health effects.

Because some punctured lungs occur spontaneously and for no apparent reason, it can be difficult to prevent this complication in all cases.

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But smoking can increase the risk of recurrence if you already have pneumothorax. a small one

Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and draws only from peer-reviewed, academic research institutions, and medical journals and societies. We avoid using third party references. We link to primary sources—including studies, scientific sources, and statistics—within each article, and we also list them in the References section below our articles. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy. Medical Review by Fred Alscroft, MD – By Treacy Colbert and S. Behring – Updated December 21, 2021

Lung cancer does not always cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages, and many people are not diagnosed until the disease is advanced. However, there are some early signs and symptoms that appear in some people.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

Read on to learn about the early signs and symptoms of lung cancer and how early screening can help people at risk for the disease.

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Be alert for a new cough that persists. A cough with a cold or respiratory infection will go away within a week or so, but a persistent cough that lasts longer may be a sign of lung cancer.

Shortness of breath or being easily irritated is also one of the possible symptoms of lung cancer. Breathing changes may occur if lung cancer blocks or narrows the airway, or if fluid from a lung tumor collects in the chest.

Pay attention to when you feel dizzy or short of breath. If you find it hard to breathe after climbing stairs or doing things that used to be easy for you, don’t ignore it.

When your airways become narrow, blocked, or swollen, your lungs may make a whistling or whistling sound when you breathe. It can have many causes, some of which are benign and easily treatable.

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However, shortness of breath can also be a symptom of lung cancer, so it’s best to tell your doctor about it. It is better not to assume that wheezing is caused by asthma or allergies. Ask your doctor to confirm the cause.

Lung cancer can cause chest, shoulder, or back pain. This can happen when you cough or during the day.

When lung cancer causes chest pain, the discomfort may be caused by enlarged lymph nodes or metastases in the chest wall, the lining around the lungs (called the pleura), or the ribs.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

Lung cancer that has spread to your bones can cause pain in your back or other parts of your body. Bone pain usually worsens at night and increases with movement.

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Headaches can sometimes be a sign of lung cancer metastasis (spreading) to the brain. However, not all headaches are related to brain metastases.

If you’ve heard a significant change in your voice, or if others have mentioned that your voice is deeper, hoarse, or hoarse, it’s best to call your doctor.

A simple cold can cause hoarseness, but if this symptom persists, it can indicate something more serious.

Hoarseness associated with lung cancer occurs when the tumor affects the nerve that controls the larynx or voice box.

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Unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more can be caused by many types of cancer, including lung cancer.

When cancer is present, this weight loss can be caused by the energy consumption of the cancer cells. It can also be caused by changes in the way the body uses energy from food.

If you are not currently trying to lose weight, it is important not to notice your weight change. This may be a sign of a change in your health.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

However, squamous cell lung cancer is more common in men. The reason it occurs more often in men is because squamous cell lung cancer occurs mainly in smokers.

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Squamous cell lung cancer tumors arise directly in the airways. Lung adenocarcinoma tumors, a type of lung cancer

Often, this difference means that squamous cell lung cancer causes severe symptoms earlier in the disease’s progression than lung adenocarcinoma. Therefore, while men and women have similar symptoms of lung cancer, it is not uncommon for men to experience significant symptoms earlier.

Note: We use “women” and “men” here to reflect the terms historically used for gendered individuals. But your gender identity may not match your body’s response to lung cancer. Talk to your doctor if you are concerned about any symptoms you may be experiencing.

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are the two main types of lung cancer. SCLC is less common than NSCLC but is more aggressive.

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SCLC usually has no early symptoms, but when it spreads to your lungs or other parts of your body, you may experience the following:

In advanced stages of lung cancer, the cancer usually metastasizes to both the lungs and other organs, such as the bones or brain.

If lung cancer has spread to other organs, you may have symptoms such as fractures if it has spread to the bones or vision problems if it has spread to the brain.

How Do You Know If Someone Has Lung Cancer

Lung cancer can cause groups of specific symptoms called syndromes. Some of the most common include Horner’s syndrome, superior vena cava syndrome, and paraneoplastic syndrome.

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Tumors in the upper part of the lung, called panquast tumors, can cause symptoms by affecting the facial and eye nerves. These symptoms are collectively known as Horner’s syndrome.

Tumors in the upper right side of your lung can press on your superior vena cava, a large vein that carries blood from your head and arms to your heart. Pressure can cause blood to back up in your veins.

It is very important to talk to your doctor right away

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