How To Get Rid Of Brown Age Spots On Face – Medically Reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP – By MaryAnn De Pietro, CRT on March 29, 2019
Dark spots on the skin or hyperpigmentation occur when certain areas of the skin produce more melanin than usual. Melanin gives eyes, skin and hair their color.
How To Get Rid Of Brown Age Spots On Face
Dark spots on the skin are not a cause for concern and do not require treatment, although people may choose to remove them for cosmetic reasons. Depending on the cause, people may call certain types of dark spots on the skin age spots or sun spots.
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In this article, we look at what causes dark spots on the skin and how people can get rid of them using dermatological treatments and home remedies.
Dark spots on the skin can range from red to black. Black color can match the skin of the person. The spots have a similar texture to the skin and are painless.
Dark spots also vary in size and can develop anywhere on the body, but are found in areas that are exposed to the sun.
In people with dark skin, the area that is a few shades darker than the skin usually disappears within 6 to 12 months. Deep pigmentation can take years to fade. Deep discolorations usually appear blue or gray, although the color can also be much darker than the color of the person’s skin.
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Also called sunspots, sunspots or liver spots, people can develop black spots on their skin after exposure to the sun or tanning beds.
Areas of the body that are exposed to the sun the most, such as the face, hands, or arms, are more prone to sunburn.
Melasma is a skin condition that causes the skin to have small spots. The condition is more common in women, especially during pregnancy.
Some medications can increase skin pigmentation and lead to dark spots. The most common drugs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), tetracyclines, and antipsychotics.
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Blackheads can develop after a period of inflammation in the skin. Inflammation can occur for a variety of reasons including eczema, psoriasis, skin damage and acne.
Conditions related to diabetes include acanthosis nigricans, which causes dark, velvety skin and spots on the legs, or diabetic dermatosis, which people can mistake for age spots.
Dark spots on the skin do not require treatment, but some people may need to remove the spots for cosmetic purposes.
A dermatologist can prescribe creams or procedures to lighten dark spots or in some cases remove them. Procedures are more expensive than creams and can cause side effects, although they usually work faster.
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The best treatment option may depend on the cause, the size of the dark spot, and the location of the body.
Several types of lasers are available. The most common laser treatment for dark spots on the skin uses an intense pulsed light laser. The light targets melanin and dissolves dark spots.
During microdermabrasion, a dermatologist uses a special device with a suction surface to remove the outer layer of the skin. This treatment stimulates the growth of new collagen, which can help reduce scarring.
A chemical peel involves applying a solution to the skin, which removes the surface, allowing new skin to grow. It can gradually fade dark spots on the skin.
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Cryotherapy is a process that involves applying liquid nitrogen to the dark patches to dry them, which damages the skin cells. The skin usually heals later.
Prescription whitening cream works by whitening the skin. It usually works slowly and takes months to reduce the appearance of dark spots.
Hydroquinone, which is the active ingredient in creams, prevents the skin from producing melanin. Pharmaceutical products usually make 3-4 percent.
Don’t encourage them. There is not enough evidence that they work and there may be health risks.
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In addition to dermatological procedures and herbal remedies, people can find that some home remedies can make blackheads disappear from the skin, as discussed in the following sections.
Over-the-counter skin lightening creams are not as strong as prescription creams, but they can be just as effective.
Creams and serums contain various ingredients, including retinol or alpha hydroxy acid, which can speed up skin peeling and stimulate new skin growth.
When looking for a skin cleansing cream, always choose one recommended by a dermatologist, as some products can be harmful.
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Of clinical studies that have used natural products to treat dark spots on the skin. They looked at several substances including niacinamide (a form of vitamin B-3), soy, licorice extracts, and mulberry.
The results of a small 2017 study show that applying aloe vera gel to the skin can help reduce melasma during pregnancy after five weeks.
Although cosmetics do not lighten dark spots, they can cover them. People may consider using a cream-based concealer to reduce the appearance of blemishes.
People may want to keep in mind that many home remedies recommended by websites may have side effects if there is no evidence of effectiveness. Examples include lemon and apple cider vinegar. There are no studies that support the claims that these treatments work.
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In some cases, unproven treatment can make the skin worse. For example, the American Society for Dermatologic Surgery does not recommend lemon juice or abrasive scrubs, as these methods can increase blackheads.
Some skin cleansing products can do more harm than good. Many contain substances that can harm the skin or overall health, such as mercury or steroids. Using this can cause acne, pimples and loose skin over time.
A doctor or dermatologist can use Wood’s lamp skin test to detect blackheads on the skin.
A doctor or dermatologist can usually determine the cause of dark spots on the skin by examining them and taking a medical history.
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During the physical examination, the health professional may perform a Wood’s lamp skin test, where they see the spots through a special device that emits black light.
In some cases, specific features of the area may require more testing to be sure that skin cancer is not causing the area.
Anyone can develop dark spots on the skin. Some risk factors seem to increase a person’s chances, including:
It may not always be possible to prevent the development of dark spots on the skin. For example, hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to melasma that cannot be prevented.
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There are, however, a few things that people can do to reduce the chances of dark spots and prevent them from darkening:
Generally, dark spots on the skin are harmless. But in some cases, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a dark spot and other skin changes, such as melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer.
People who aren’t sure what a dark spot is or haven’t been able to get rid of it can visit a doctor to learn more.
Dark spots on the skin or hyperpigmentation can have many causes. It is usually harmless and does not require treatment. If a person wants to get rid of blackheads, they can try many remedies, including working with a dermatologist for cosmetic products or using over-the-counter products.
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The success of the treatment may depend on the cause of the dark spots and their extent. Dark spots on the skin may not disappear completely. It may take some time to see the difference, but treatment usually lightens the spots.
Medical News Today has strict research guidelines and only sources from peer-reviewed studies, academic research organizations, and medical journals and associations. We avoid using third party references. We link to primary sources – including studies, scientific reports and statistics – in each article and also list them in the resources section at the bottom of our articles. You can learn more about how we make sure our content is accurate and up-to-date by reading our editorial policy. Age spots are harmless scars that appear on the skin due to prolonged exposure to the sun. Although getting rid of age spots isn’t necessary, those who don’t like their appearance can try several home and treatment options.
Before a person tries to remove the age spot, he should see a dermatologist to make sure that there is no sign of cancer.
People can use the term age spots, or liver spots, to refer to either sunspots or seborrheic keratosis.
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The main cause of age spots is exposure to UV rays, which accelerate the production of the pigment melanin. When melanin production is high, age spots can appear.
Age spots usually develop in people over the age of 40, but they can also appear in younger people who have a lot of sun. It is also common in adults with fair skin tones.
Bleaching agents, such as hydroquinone, can be an effective treatment option for sunspots. However, they are not suitable for borrheic keratoses. Hydroquinone is only available with a prescription from your doctor. Initially it was available over the counter, but the situation changed in 2021 after a decision by the FDA.
Dermatologists say that people can start to see results after four weeks and that one should stop
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