How To Tell If Dog Has Tapeworm – Some worms can cause serious health problems in animals or humans; some of them only occasionally cause health problems in animals or humans.
You as an EHP can do a lot to prevent and treat these worms, but first it’s important to understand how they reproduce and spread.
How To Tell If Dog Has Tapeworm
In this chapter, you will learn how these worms can reproduce and infect animals and humans.
Dewormer For Dogs And Cats
Then, in Chapter 7, you’ll find information about what you and pet owners can do to prevent and treat worms to keep pets and people healthy.
In gardens where many puppies or kittens are born, there may be many roundworm eggs in the environment.
Puppies and kittens can have large numbers of roundworms in their intestines, even when they are very young.
They can become infected with roundworms from their mother while they are still inside. This means that puppies and kittens can be born with the tapeworm already in their intestines.
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They usually do not cause problems in adult dogs or cats, but they are often a big problem in puppies or kittens.
When puppies or kittens have a lot of these worms, their intestines become completely blocked. When this happens, puppies and kittens can become very sick and die.
When a puppy or kitten is first dewormed, the owner may find large numbers of roundworms in the stool. They are usually long and cream or yellow in color.
Many people’s bodies produce antibodies against roundworms in dogs and cats. The body’s immune system is then able to fight off the worms without making you sick.
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People with weak immune systems, such as infants and children, are most at risk of contracting roundworms in dogs or cats.
If children or infants eat contamination with roundworm eggs, the eggs hatch in their intestines. The worm larvae then move through the intestinal wall into the person’s lungs. They are collected by the blood from the lungs and move around the body.
Worms can get stuck in certain places on the body. They can form a cyst where they get stuck.
If they get in your eyes, they can blind you. If they attach to the brain or other important organs, they can make a person very sick.
Tapeworms In Dogs: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention
Eye problems caused by a roundworm larva that has attached itself to the eye. Image: Leucocoria and the Red Reflex Test – Science Figure on ResearchGate. Available: https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Endophthalmitis-caused-by-ocular-toxocariasis_fig4_26851543 [Accessed 25 November 2019].
Deworming dogs and cats in a community does not prevent the spread of human hookworm, but it can prevent pets from sharing hookworm with humans.
Hookworms live in the intestine and bite into the intestinal wall of a dog or cat to feed on their blood.
Larvae can survive in the environment for a long time. They can live in the soil for months if it is shaded, cool and moist.
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Puppies and kittens get hookworms from their mother’s milk. By the time they are 10 days old, many worms can already feed on their blood.
These puppies and kittens get very weak. They have white gums because there is not enough blood in their bodies.
If many puppies and kittens die before 6 weeks, such as EHP, you can work with your vet to determine if hookworm is the cause.
When worms cause anemia, there are usually not enough worms to kill the animal. But because of anemia, these dogs and cats are thin and lack energy.
Tapeworms In Dogs: Causes & Treatment
Because of hookworm anemia, this dog’s gums turned very white. Photo courtesy of Julia Hardaker/
If there are many hookworm larvae in a yard, dogs and cats will have many larvae moving around on their skin when they are on the dirt.
Larvae pass through the skin and cause itchy rashes. Dogs and cats will chew the areas and cause sores.
Remember that humans have their own types of hookworms, but hookworms found in dogs and cats can also make people sick.
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People become infected with hookworms from dogs or cats when the larvae move out of the soil through their skin. This can cause red, itchy marks on the skin where the larvae were. These traces are called “cutaneous larva migrans”.
Hookworms in dogs and cats can sometimes cause a disease called “eosinophilic enteritis,” which causes stomach upset.
Although many hookworms can be found in dogs and cats in communities, the majority of human cases of hookworm disease are seen in non-Indigenous people, not Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander peoples.
This may be because Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander children pick up hookworm larvae from dogs or cats from the ground at a very young age. After a few larvae have penetrated the skin, your immune system produces antibodies against the dog or cat hookworm. This immunity will help stop hookworm in your dog or cat before it gets worse.
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A very bad case of Cutaneous Larva Migrans. Such bad cases are mostly experienced by non-indigenous people working in communities. Photo courtesy of Bart Currie, Menzies School of Health Research
These pieces are passed out of the dog’s anus or in the feces. The parts of the worm are flat and white. Sometimes people can see these pieces of worms moving.
The little white thing in that dog poop is a piece of tapeworm. Photo courtesy of The Monster Hunter’s Guide to Veterinary Parasitology, Copyright Lance Wheeler, www.veterinaryparasitology.com [Accessed November 26, 2019]}
When a dog or cat bites fleas or lice, they may ingest tapeworm eggs (which are still inside the flea or louse).
There Are Worms In My Dog’s Poop, What Does That Mean?
People can get tapeworms, but it’s not common. It doesn’t usually make people sick.
Occasionally, the worm makes children feel a little sick to their stomachs or not want to eat their food.
Hydatid tapeworms are mainly found around sheep farms in the cooler wet areas of southern states such as Victoria and Tasmania.
Hydatid tapeworms do not usually live on the upper limbs in dogs. But there is always the risk of the worm getting into the upper end with a dog or traveling cattle or sheep.
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Hydatid tapeworms do not cause health problems in dogs, but when eggs transferred by dogs infect humans or other animals, they can cause serious health problems.
The hydatid tapeworm is about half a centimeter long and lives in the intestines of dogs or dingoes.
Every two weeks, the end of the worm breaks off and moves into the dog’s or dingo’s feces. The last part of the worm is small (only visible under a microscope) and is full of eggs.
Eggs move around in the dirt. They can also be spread by wind and can survive in water for months.
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Eggs can also be eaten from the ground by sheep or other grazing animals such as woodpeckers, kangaroos, cattle, pigs and goats. People can also accidentally eat eggs from contaminated plants or soil.
The egg then attaches itself to various parts of the body and forms a cyst where thousands of hydatid worms can grow.
These cysts can grow very large. They are mainly found in the liver, but can occur in any organ or muscle of an animal or person.
Cysts are sometimes found in animals when the animal is killed and the carcass is butchered. If the cyst is in the muscle, the meat cannot be sold, so the carcass may have to be discarded. For this reason, hydatid cysts can cause large economic losses.
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Hydatid cysts in cow lungs: If you find such cysts in animals, call your veterinarian. Photo courtesy of David Jenkins
Dogs and dingoes can only get tapeworms if they eat a hydatid cyst in the offal or muscle of a falaba or kangaroo, sheep, cattle, goat or pig. They cannot catch the worm from other dogs.
People cannot get the cyst by eating or touching cysts in walleyes or kangaroos, sheep, cattle, goats, or pigs. The only way people can get hydatid cysts is by eating hydatid tapeworm eggs in the soil or on plants contaminated with dog or dingo feces.
Usually not. Worms live in the dog’s intestines, but usually do not cause serious problems. If a dog has many hydatid tapeworms, it may have diarrhea.
Common Worms And Intestinal Parasites In Dogs
The symptoms people show vary depending on the organ affected and the number and size of the cysts.
Although they are the same species, there appear to be two different strains of Strongyloides stercoralis: one found only in dogs and one found in both humans and dogs.
More research is being done to determine the extent to which Strongyloides stercoralis is transmitted between dogs and humans.
Strongyloides stercoralis can also infect cats, but more research is needed to determine whether cats are a source of infection in humans.
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The female worm digs a cavity in the intestinal wall and lays eggs there
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