How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

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How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer – Alzheimer’s disease causes memory, thinking, learning and organizational skills to decline over time. It is the most common cause of dementia and usually affects people over the age of 65. There is no cure for Alzheimer’s, but some medications and therapies can help temporarily manage symptoms.

Alzheimer’s disease (pronounced “alz-HAI-mirs”) is a brain condition that causes a progressive decline in memory, thinking, learning, and organizational skills. Ultimately, it affects a person’s ability to perform basic daily activities. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

Alzheimer’s symptoms worsen over time. Researchers believe that the disease process can begin 10 or more years before the first symptoms appear. AD often affects people over the age of 65.

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Dementia describes the state of a person’s mental function. It is not a specific disease. It is a decline in mental function from a previously higher level that is severe enough to interfere with daily life.

A person with dementia has two or more of these specific difficulties, including a change or worsening of:

Ranges of Dementia Severity. In the mildest stage, you may notice a slight decline in your mental functioning and need help with everyday tasks. In the most severe stage, a person is completely dependent on others for help with simple daily tasks.

Dementia develops when infections or diseases affect the parts of your brain involved in learning, memory, decision-making or language. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, accounting for at least two-thirds of dementia cases in people 65 and older.

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Alzheimer’s disease mainly affects people over the age of 65. The older you are over 65, the more likely you are to develop Alzheimer’s.

Some people develop Alzheimer’s disease before age 65 — usually in their 40s or 50s. This is called early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. rarely. Less than 10% of AD cases are early-onset.

Alzheimer’s disease is common. It affects about 24 million people worldwide. One in ten people over 65 and almost a third of people over 85 have this condition.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

Alzheimer’s organizations and health care providers use different terms to describe the stages of Alzheimer’s disease based on symptoms.

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Although the terms vary, all stages follow the same pattern—AD symptoms progressively worsen over time.

However, no two people experience HR the same way. Everyone with Alzheimer’s will progress through the stages at a different rate. Not all changes will happen in everyone. Sometimes it is difficult for providers to place an HR person at a particular stage as there may be overlapping stages.

Don’t be afraid to ask your healthcare provider or loved one what they mean when they use certain words to describe the stages of Alzheimer’s disease.

Providers typically only refer to the preclinical phase of Alzheimer’s research. People with AD in the preclinical stage usually have no symptoms (they are asymptomatic).

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However, changes occur in their brains. This stage can last for years or even decades. People are usually not diagnosed with Alzheimer’s at this stage because they are functioning at a high level.

There are now brain imaging tests that can detect protein deposits in your brain called aloids that interfere with your brain’s communication system before symptoms start.

When memory problems are noted, healthcare providers often identify it as mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This is a slight reduction in mental ability compared to other people of the same age.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

You may notice a slight decline in abilities if you have early-stage Alzheimer’s. Others close to you may notice and report these changes. But the changes are not severe enough to affect daily life and activities.

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In some cases, the effects of a treatable disease or illness result in mild cognitive impairment. For most people with MCI, however, it is a point on the road to dementia.

Researchers believe that MCI is the stage between the mental changes seen in normal aging and the early stages of dementia. MCI can be caused by a variety of diseases, including Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. Similarly, dementia can have different causes.

Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) vary depending on the stage of the disease. In general, AD symptoms include a gradual decrease in some, most, or all of the following:

People with memory loss or other symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease may have difficulty recognizing their mental decline. These signs could be more obvious to locals. Anyone with dementia-like symptoms should see a healthcare provider as soon as possible.

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AD symptoms become noticeable in the mild phase. The most common early symptom is forgetting newly learned information, especially recent events, places, and names.

Most people with mild AD have no problem recognizing familiar faces and can usually travel to familiar places.

Moderate Alzheimer’s is usually the longest stage and can last for many years. People with moderate Alzheimer’s often need care and support.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

Alzheimer’s disease is caused by an abnormal build-up of proteins in your brain. As a result of the condensation of these proteins – aloid protein and tau protein – brain cells die.

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The human brain contains over 100 billion neurons and other cells. Neurons work together to provide all the communication needed to carry out functions such as thinking, learning, remembering and planning.

Scientists think that plaque protein builds up in your brain cells, forming larger masses called plaques. Complex fibers of another protein called tau form into a tangle. These plaques and nodules block communication between nerve cells, preventing them from carrying out their processes.

The slow and prolonged death of nerve cells leads to the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. The death of nerve cells starts in one area of ​​your brain (usually the brain that controls memory – the hippocampus) and then spreads to other areas.

Despite ongoing research, scientists still don’t know exactly what causes the increase in these proteins. So far, they believe that early-onset Alzheimer’s may be caused by a genetic mutation. They believe that late-onset Alzheimer’s is caused by a complex series of brain changes that can occur over years. A combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors likely contribute to the cause.

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Researchers don’t know why some people get Alzheimer’s and others don’t. But they have identified several factors that increase the risk of Alzheimer’s, including genetic (inherited) factors.

ε4, increases the risk of developing Alzheimer’s and is also associated with an earlier age due to disease. However, after

If you have a first-degree relative (biological parent or sibling) with Alzheimer’s disease, your risk of developing the disease increases by 10% to 30%. People with two or more siblings with late-onset Alzheimer’s disease are three times more likely to develop the disease than the general population.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

Health care providers use several methods to determine whether a person with memory problems has Alzheimer’s disease. This is because many other conditions, especially neurological conditions, can cause dementia and other Alzheimer’s symptoms.

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In the early stages of an Alzheimer’s diagnosis, the provider will ask questions to better understand your health and daily life. Your provider may also ask someone close to you, such as a family member or caregiver, to get insight into your symptoms. They will ask about:

There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but some medications can temporarily slow the worsening of dementia symptoms. Medications and other interventions can also help with behavioral symptoms.

Starting Alzheimer’s treatment as early as possible can help maintain daily functioning for a while. However, current drugs will not stop or reverse AD.

Because AD affects everyone differently, treatment is highly individualized. Health care providers work with people with Alzheimer’s and their caregivers to determine the best treatment plan.

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There are two types of drugs approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease:

The FDA granted accelerated approval for aducanumab (Aduhelm™), the first disease-modifying therapy for Alzheimer’s disease. The drug helps reduce alloy deposits in your brain.

Aducanumab is a new drug, and researchers have studied its effects in people with early-onset Alzheimer’s disease. Therefore, it can only help people at an early stage.

How To Tell If Someone Has Alzheimer

These drugs work by blocking the activity of acetylcholinesterase, the enzyme responsible for breaking down acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is one of the chemicals that help nerve cells communicate. Researchers believe that reduced levels of acetylcholine cause some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease.

Behavior & Personality Changes

Memantine (Namenda®) is FDA approved for the treatment of moderate to severe Alzheimer’s disease. It helps keep certain brain cells healthier.

Studies show that people with Alzheimer’s disease who take memantine do better in common daily activities such as eating, walking, toileting, bathing, and dressing.

If your loved one has Alzheimer’s disease, you can take steps to keep them comfortable in their environment and help manage behavioral changes. You can:

There is no approved drug to treat the behavioral symptoms of Alzheimer’s dementia. Certain medications may help some people, including:

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These drugs can cause unpleasant or potentially dangerous side effects (such as dizziness, which can lead to falls), so health care providers usually only prescribe them for short periods when behavioral problems are severe. Or until your loved one has tried safer non-drug therapies first.

Scientists are actively researching Alzheimer’s disease and possible treatments. Ask your provider if there are any clinical trials that can

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