The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By

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The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By – The Babylonian Talmud tells the amazing story of Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai’s escape from the siege of Jerusalem by Rome in AD 70. Before the Romans broke down the walls of the city, Ben Zakai left the spiritual and governmental capital of Judea. the temple still exists. He foresees the fall of Jerusalem, so he himself is taken out of the city in a coffin. Through flattery and humility before the Roman general, he is able to negotiate a deal that allows him to establish a new training center in the city of Yavne (Gittin 56b).

The historical authenticity of this legend is disputed, but the Talmudic narrative includes a significant change in Jewish political and religious life after the destruction of the Second Temple. Yavneh’s first story represents the birth of rabbinic Judaism, a way of life based on Torah and Jewish law rather than temple worship and political rule.

The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By

The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By

In the course of 2,000 years, this change of priorities seems to have allowed the spiritual wealth of Israel to become migratory, based on the study of the Torah rather than the location of the sanctuary or the royal palace – from Jerusalem to Yavne in the north. in Israel, in Babylon, and finally in the entire diaspora. Were the rabbis ready to turn the former Jewish kingdom into a wandering people united only by a common scripture? Were they interested in this change that elevated the scientist to become a priest and a king? Or was the founding of Yavneh an emergency plan designed to preserve Jewish identity during the years of Roman rule, always anticipating the return of Jewish rule in the land of Israel?

Destruction Of The Second Temple In 70 C.e.

The stories told in the Talmud and Midrash provide a window into the views of the rabbis, many of whom had lived comfortably in the diaspora for centuries after the destruction of the Temple.

If the Yavneh’s first story suggests that the Rabbis were content to leave the government and temple institutions in the past, the image of Rabbi Akiva – who lived two generations after Ben Zakkai – complicates that narrative.

He supported the rebellion of Bar Kochba (132-136) and believed that Bar Kochba himself would be the Messiah. In one famous vignette in the Talmud, Akiva walks with a group of workers near the ruins of the temple. The crowd witnesses a fox running through the empty Holy of Holies. While his companions weep, Rabbi Akiva laughs. Some sages are hesitant about his actions, but he explains, “Now that I have seen the prophecy of destruction being fulfilled, I believe that the prophecy of redemption will also be fulfilled. (Makot 24b)

For Akiva, the promise of redemption is real—and, indeed, just around the corner. The concept of destruction followed by the redemption of the messiah was deeply rooted in the rabbinic mind. Their expectations were shaped by the event of the destruction of the First Temple, which led to the Babylonian captivity, but was quickly followed by the return to Israel and the construction of the Second Temple. Some historians say that Bar Kochba’s supporters eagerly awaited Bar Kochba’s victory that would follow such a restoration.

File:la Destruction Du Temple De Jérusalem

However, Akiva’s support for the rebellion is considered foolish by many scholars. In response to Akiva’s belief in the coming of the Messiah, a colleague quips, “Akiva, grass will grow out of your jaws [tomb] and he has not come yet.” (Lamentations of Jeremiah 2:5 and Jerusalem Talmud, Taanit 4:8). Marilo Rabbah briefly describes Rabbi Akiva’s hopes, but the author quickly destroys that spirit by brutally recounting the defeat of the revolution and criticizing Bar Kochba.

Although we cannot specify the exact time of the change, the rabbinic mind accepted the fact of submission. The Talmud describes a type of agreement in which the Jews swear not to return to Israel by force, not to rebel against the nations, and not to prolong or quickly shorten the length of their exile; God then promises that the defeated nations will prevent the Jews from being severely oppressed while living under foreign rule. (Ketubot 110b-111a).

Does the rabbinic acceptance of the exodus mean that the rabbis of the Talmud abandoned the idea of ​​Israel as a separate spiritual city? There is no easy answer. After the rebellion of Bar Kochba, yeshivas (houses of learning) continued to flourish in Israel and Babylon. In fact, many Talmud texts describe rabbis traveling back and forth, fueling friendly competition between the two Jewish communities. While some rabbis in the Talmud praise the importance of learning in Israel and making laws for those who leave, Babylonian rabbis place such a premium on their yeshiva that they also prohibit their students from leaving Babylon (Ketubot 110b).

The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By

The Talmudic description of the special nature of the State of Israel is also divided. The Talmud saying “it is better to live in Israel even when it is conquered by non-Jews” seems to encourage Jews to remain in Israel even if the number of Jews there decreases (Ketubot 112). On the other hand, the Talmud describes the land of Israel as a magical place where cakes and silks grow directly from the earth (Ketubot 111b). This kind of narrative forces the land of Israel into a myth, a place of perfection and fantasy reserved for distant redemption.

First Temple Era Walls, Razed In Biblical Account, Found Unbreached In Jerusalem

Perhaps it is possible to distinguish two currents of rabbinic thought – one that preserves the true dream of strengthening the Jewish settlement in the world; Some of it is about living in the diaspora and bringing Israel into a distant trial, which represents the end of days.

Even when he began his yeshiva in Yavneh, Yohanan ben Zakkai’s easy acceptance of Roman rule may belie his true feelings. He flatters the Roman commander with the verse that says: “Jerusalem will be conquered by the ‘Almighty’.” Although Johannine’s mildness in Rome protects the Jews a little, the message beneath his surface treatment is very seditious. In the original biblical context, “Mighty One” refers to the Jewish Messiah, not a foreign invader! It is as if Ben Zakkai is taunting the general of the Roman army who does not know the Bible, saying: “We will accept your rule for a short time, we will study our Torah, and take our time.”

Your Talmud Browser does not support the audio element. Pronunciation: TALL-Mud Origin: Hebrew A section of Torah teachings and commentaries that support Jewish law. It consists of the Mishnah and Gemar and contains the opinions of thousands of rabbis from different periods of Jewish history. Your browser does not support the audio element. Pronounced: TORE-uh, Origin: Hebrew, The Five Books of Moses. Yeshiva Your browser does not support the audio element. Pronunciation: yuh-SHEE-vuh or yeh-shee-VAH, Origin: Hebrew, a traditional religious school where students mainly study Hebrew literature.

On Tisha B’Av, Jews mourn the destruction of the Temple. But how much do you know what he was really like? The first temple was destroyed either on the 10th (Jeremiah 52:12) or the seventh (2 Kings 25:8) of Av. The second temple, according to Josephus, was destroyed on the 10th. How did the Jewish rabbis come to celebrate the destruction of both temples on the 9th of Av.

The Temple In Jerusalem Over The Threshing Floor Which Is Presently Under The Al Kas Fountain

The siege and destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans 70 AD, David Roberts 1850 Yeshiva University Museum Collection.

9 Av is described in Jewish rabbinic sources as the day on which both temples were destroyed. For thousands of years the Jews observed a day of fasting and mourning, and it seems to have its biblical origins in the Babylonian captivity, as the prophet of the early Restoration Zechariah mentions “the fast of the fifth month (=Av)”.

Among the four groups of fasting that are believed to mourn the destruction of Jerusalem, which is a festival in the future of redemption:

The Temple Of Jerusalem Was Destroyed By

זכר: ט כ אמר אמר צבא תם רב צם צ עשִׂ עשִׂ . the fifth month, the fasting of the seventh month and the fasting of the tenth month will be happy and joyful, happy holidays. House of Judah; But you have to love honesty and integrity.”

The Temple Of Jerusalem

Zechariah never says what each of these fasts is, or in which month they are observed, but according to several rabbinic traditions listed below, this fast is on the ninth day of Av.

עשה דברים ירעו את אבותינו בשבה עשר בתמוז וחמשה בתשה באב. For our fathers, five events happened on the 17th[2] of Tammuz, and five on the 9th of Av. בתעשה באב: On the 9th day of Avi נגזר על אבוטינו שלא יכנון לארץ ובשניה ונכלכדה ביטר ונחרשה האיר Our ancestors were punished by being forbidden to enter the country. The first temple was destroyed. And the second [temple]. Betar [Capital of Bar Kochba]

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