What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About

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What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About – In mid-1863, Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia humiliated the Union at the battles of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. She seemed invincible—but when she encountered the Blueshirts in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in July, General Lee was finally defeated. The three-day Battle of Gettysburg was a much-needed victory for the North. But like all victories, it came with a price: a battle that will go down in history as the bloodiest confrontation of the Civil War. Here’s a brief look at one of the great turning points in American history.

In the late spring of 1863, Union troops captured Vicksburg, Mississippi. Confederate generals hoped to split the Confederacy in two and gain control of the vital traffic artery of the lower Mississippi River. To prevent this, some in the Confederate government wanted to send reinforcements from Northern Virginia troops, but Lee had other ideas.

What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About

What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About

Lee launched an offensive in Pennsylvania. He believed that a strong Confederate presence north of the Mason-Dixon line would force the Union to withdraw some of its soldiers from the Mississippi Delta—and that a massive Confederate invasion would weaken the panic in cities like Philadelphia and New York. For war. President Abraham Lincoln might lose his bid in 1864, and the northern states might begin peace talks. If Lee had won, the war might have ended in a Confederate victory.

Thousands At Gettysburg For 150th Anniversary

On June 12, 1863, Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin announced that “the Department of War has received information that a large rebel force of cavalry, artillery, and cavalry is preparing to attack Pennsylvania.”

The news was especially shocking to black families, as Confederate soldiers routinely detained African-Americans as “contraband” when they raided Union territory. By the end of June, hundreds of black refugees from Gettysburg and neighboring areas had fled to the state capital, Harrisburg. When the Confederates attempted to take the city on June 28, black volunteers helped thwart their efforts.

Major General Henry Hess, who claimed to have begun the Battle of Gettysburg, had sent two brigades into the city despite his order to stay. They met Alliance resistance in what started as a skirmish that turned into a three-day conflict – with a crucial victory for the North.

Why not obey orders? Hess needs shoes. “When I heard that shoes were to be supplied at Gettysburg,” Hess wrote in 1877, “that my men needed shoes, [June 30] I directed General Pettigrew to go to Gettysburg to obtain These supplies.” Pettigrew returned and suggested that an attack on the poorly defended Gettysburg might be successful. Hess later recalled, “I’m taking my department to Gettysburg tomorrow to buy those shoes!”

About The Battle Of Gettysburg » Almanac » Surfnetkids

Hess may not have been entirely truthful on the matter. Another Confederate division had been resupplied and hadn’t received many shoes. Historians agree that he sent troops and they fought, but their motives are still being debated.

At first, the rebels’ chances of victory at Gettysburg looked pretty good—the first major skirmish on July 1 involved 7,600 Confederate infantry fighting 2,748 Confederate cavalry. Later that day, some 27,000 Confederate soldiers arrived from the north, and 22,000 Union soldiers left the city, causing them to regroup on Cemetery Hill in the south. By night, Lee had lost more than 6,000 men and about 9,000 northerners had been killed. Had the fighting ended after the first day, Gettysburg would still be one of the 20 deadliest battles of the war.

On July 2, the Northern Army returned with the arrival of Major General George Meade and most of his army, bringing the total number of Northern troops to 90,000. They fought against 75,000 Confederates. Fighting continued until July 3, with Northern Virginia troops leaving the area the next day. Gettysburg casualties generally ranged from 46,000 to 51,000.

What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About

Twenty-year-old Mary Virginia Wade (also known as Jenny or Jenny) was the only civilian to die at Gettysburg in combat. As a city dweller, she was hit by a stray bullet while baking bread. Wade is now commemorated by a statue on Baltimore Street.

Map Of The Battle Of Gettysburg, Pa., July 1st, 2nd & 3rd, 1863, Showing Line Of Battle On P.m. Of 2nd

Apparently, hundreds of women signed up for the fight. Nine verified female soldiers were killed on Civil War battlefields, including one at Gettysburg. One of them was killed under Pickett’s command in the final skirmish of the Battle of Gettysburg. Another female Confederate soldier was shot in one leg and had to be amputated. At least one other female Confederate and two female Confederate soldiers also saw action.

By the third day, the fighting had moved south of Gettysburg. Confederate troops formed a fishbowl formation around the hills known as the “Great Round” and “Little Round,” which stretched the length of Cemetery Ridge and curved around Cemetery Hill. Confederates came in from the north and west.

Lee wanted to attack the Union line along Cemetery Ridge, but that meant his troops would have to move across an open field, exposing them to Union fire. Against the advice of his colleague, General James Longstreet, Lee continued the charge. More than half of the 12,000 Confederate troops were killed, captured, or wounded, and the Union lines remained unbroken. The disaster was later romanticized by Southern writers as part of a racist, revisionist “cause of failure” narrative.

The raid was dubbed Pickett’s charge because a crime unit was headed by Major General George Pickett from Richmond, Virginia. For the rest of his life he harbored a grudge against Lee for “slaughtering” his teacher.

The Times At Gettysburg, July 1863: A Reporter’s Civil War Heartbreak

Pickett’s charge is believed to have been half of the flank; the other half consisted of 6,000 cavalry who attempted to sneak around them. By doing so, the cavalry could fire on the Confederate lines from the east, just as Pickett and company had crossed from the west. Union General George Custer – later known for his disastrous “last stand” at the Battle of the Little Bighorn – stopped them. The Confederate riders were eventually driven off, leaving Confederate troops on Cemetery Ridge free to finish off Pickett’s charge.

Northern Virginia troops withdrew from Gettysburg on July 4 (the same day that Ulysses Grant finally captured Vicksburg). There were enough wounded Confederates to fill the 17-mile wagon train Lee was bringing back south. On the way back to Virginia, flooding occurred on the north bank of the Potomac River after days of heavy rain.

Lincoln wanted Meade to wipe out the rebels in the corner. Meade said his troops could no longer fight and the rebels could cross the river. Lincoln said, “Our military has the war in their hands, and they won’t end it.”

What Was The Battle Of Gettysburg About

Gettysburg’s 2,400 residents had to dispose of nearly 7,000 bodies left behind by the military. They were buried in shallow rocky graves.

Turning Point At Gettysburg

On November 19, 1863, Union soldiers were finally reburied at Gettysburg National Cemetery. Lincoln attended the ceremony and delivered what became known as the Gettysburg Address. But thousands of Confederate dead still lie on the city’s outskirts. In 1871, Southern organizations began exhuming rebel soldiers so that the bodies could be properly buried.

Some apparently escaped their attention: In 1996, the body of a Civil War soldier was found in the Railroad Cut. Archaeologists have been unable to identify the man, or even which side he fought for.

Gettysburg threw a huge party in honor of the 50th anniversary of their great battle. The event started on June 29, 1913 and ran until July 6. More than 50,000 Civil War veterans — most of them in their 70s — turned out to mark the event. A new monument is inaugurated, old enemies pose for photos, and President Woodrow Wilson speaks. A highlight was the peaceful reorganization under Pickett’s command: 200 veterans reflected on the path they had traveled half a century ago before meeting and shaking hands at Cemetery Ridge. In June 1863, troops from Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River into Union territory. Lee had invaded the north the previous year, only to be repulsed at Antietam, but this time his army was at the height of its strength as it pressed across the Mason River. Dixon Line in Pennsylvania.

With victory at Gettysburg, Confederate troops could have moved on to Philadelphia, Baltimore, and even Washington, D.C. Instead, Lee’s army swung from offense to defense after the defeat, and crossed Virginia’s Potomac River 10 days later. The Confederacy never regained momentum and penetrated deep into Union territory, which is why many historians consider Gettysburg to be the “high tide mark of the rebellion.”

On The Bloodstained Field: Human Interest Stories Of The Campaign And Battle Of Gettysburg

Although Lee had a draw at Antietam,

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