When Was The Bible Translated To English

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When Was The Bible Translated To English – 10 June 1953: The first edition of the ‘Authorized Version’ of the English Bible published in London in 1611 by Robert Barker. It was ordered by King James I, also known as the King James Version. (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

Exactly 451 years after the birth of King James I of England on June 19, 1566, one thing that he did during his reign still stands above all others: the English Bible translated in 1611 of the Old and New Testaments that bears his first name. The King James Bible, one of the most printed books in history, changed the English language, creating an everyday expression like “the root of all evil.”

When Was The Bible Translated To English

When Was The Bible Translated To English

He adopted a controversial religious attitude. About 50 years before she came to power, Queen Elizabeth I’s sister, Queen Mary I (“Bloody Mary”), a Catholic, had executed about 250 Protestants during her short reign. Elizabeth, who was queen, declared that her father Henry VIII’s church was permissible, but continued to agree that Protestants and Puritans should follow their religion. Therefore, the Anglican Church was attacked by Puritans and Calvinists who wanted to kill the bishops and their leadership groups. Finally, in the 1640s, these bitter disputes led to civil war in England. But in Jacob’s reign, they manifested themselves in a very different convention: translation.

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Translations of ancient texts exploded in the 15th century. Scholars from Italy, Holland, and other regions helped to perfect Cicero’s Latin and studied Greek and Hebrew. The “rediscovery” of these languages ​​and the arrival of the printing press allowed for access to knowledge not only religious (pagan literature) but also sacred (the Bible in its original languages). The new market for translated texts created a huge demand for people who could read ancient languages. Its achievement was not seen better than the foundation of Oxford University in 1517, by one of the personal advisers of Henry VIII, of Corpus Christi College, the first institution of the Renaissance in Oxford, the capture of the three languages ​​of the manuscripts Latin , Greek and Hebrew celebrated Erasmus himself. . At the same time, Protestant scholars used their new studies to translate the Bible into popular languages, which aimed to bring people into a direct relationship with God. The result, in England, was the publication of translations starting with William Tyndale’s Bible in 1526 and ending with the so-called “Geneva Bible” completed by Calvinists whom Queen Mary banished to Switzerland.

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This was the most popular Bible among the reformers at the time of Jacob’s arrival. But its publication alarmed the Anglican bishops. The Geneva Bible not only removed their translation (called the Bishops’ Bible), but also seemed to oppose the supremacy of the rulers of the world and the authority of the bishops. One of his terrifying writings compared the locusts of the Apocalypse to the hordes of “priests” ruling the Church. Some called the apostles and Christ himself “holy fools,” a word of approval meant to evoke their contempt for “all external boasting” in contrast to the perceived contempt of the Anglican and Catholic Churches.

In 1604, King James, who was a religious scholar who also translated some of the psalms, tried to unite these groups—and his people—through universally accepted scriptures. The idea was presented at a meeting of experts at Hampton Court by the Puritan, John Reynolds, the seventh president of Corpus Christi College. Reynolds hoped that James would oppose the Bishops’ Bible, but his plan failed when the king insisted that the new translation be based on this Bible and criticized the Geneva translation as “little, false, and revolting”.

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Despite being stoned, Reynolds continued and began translating the books of the Prophets. He began his work with a committee in his rooms, which are still in use today, at Corpus Christi College, while five committees similar to these somewhere produced different books of the Bible. The experts analyzed each word to determine the most interesting word variations before sending their work to their peers for verification. The process, which one historian has called the ancestor of modern “peer review,” took seven years. Reynolds, dying in 1607, never saw the publication of his great work until four years later.

Organized to celebrate the bicentennial of Corpus Christi College (a religious institution despite its name), the new exhibit “500 Years of Oxford Treasures,” now on display at the Yeshiva University Museum at the Center for Jewish History in Manhattan, includes many Hebrew manuscripts and everything. guarantee. consulted by Reynolds and colleagues, including one of the oldest commentaries by the great medieval rabbinic scholar, Rashi. Also included in the collection is a translator’s note, one of three surviving copies (seen above left). These beautiful manuscripts show Greek, Latin and English lines, revealing the details of the King James Bible, a testament not only to the tireless efforts of John Reynolds, but also to the importance of learning in one of the most precious religious works of mankind. The title page of the first edition of Cornelis Boel’s Authorized Version of 1611 shows the apostles Peter and Paul seated in the center above the central text, flanked by Moses and Aaron. In the four corners are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, who traditionally wrote the four books of the Gospel, and their symbolic animals. The rest of the apostles (with Judas looking back) are next to Peter and Paul. Above it is the Tetragrammaton “יְהֹוָה” written in Hebrew letters.

In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was empty and empty; and darkness was over the sea. And the Spirit of God moved upon the waters. And God said, Let there be light; and there was light.

When Was The Bible Translated To English

For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

New Testament Words Inadequately Translated In English

The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) and the Authorized Version, is a scholarly translation of the Christian Bible of the Acorn Church, founded in 1604 and published in 1611, under the auspices of King James. . VI is me

The 80 books of the King James Version contain 39 books of the Old Testament, the middle part of the testaments contain 14 books of Protestant books called the Apocrypha, and 27 books of the New Testament. The King James Version, known for its “splendor of style”, has been described as one of the most important books on the culture of the Glish people and is very useful in creating a world of English-speaking people.

The KJV was first published by John Norton and Robert Barker, who were both responsible for printing the king, and was the third Glish translation approved by the authorities of the Glish Church: The first was the Great Bible, ordered in the reign of the King. Hry VIII (1535), and the second was the Bishops’ Bible, commissioned in the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1568).

Of the original Hebrew and Greek texts, which influenced the writing of the Authorized King James Version.

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In January 1604, King James called the Hampton Court Meeting, where a new English version was created in response to the problems of the old versions that the Puritans saw.

James instructed the translators to ensure that the new Bible is compatible with the churches and reflect the practice of the bishops of the Acorn Church and its faith in ordained leaders.

The translation was carried out by 6 teams of translators (47 meters in total, most of whom were well-known biblical scholars in Acorn) who divided the work: the Old Testament was given three parts, the New Testament two and the Apocrypha. to one.

When Was The Bible Translated To English

Like many other translations of the time, the New Testament was translated from Greek, the Old Testament from Hebrew and Aramaic, and the Apocrypha from Greek and Latin. In the Book of Common Prayer of 1662, the text of the Authorized Version replaced the Great Bible for the Epistle and the Gospels to be read (but not the Psalter, which actually kept Coverdale’s Great Bible), and thus allowed by house law of law.

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By the first half of the 18th century, the Authorized Version had gone unchallenged as the English translation used in Anglican and other Protestant churches, with the exception of the Psalms and some short passages of the Book of Common Prayer of the Acorn Church. Throughout the 1700s, the Authorized Version replaced the Latin Vulgate as the official version of the Greek-speaking world. With the development of the printing press in the early 19th century, these translations of the Bible became the most printed book in history, almost all printing replacing the plain text.

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