When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed

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When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed – On the 9th and 10th of the month of Av in AD 70, the Roman forces in Jerusalem broke through the Antonia tower in the Holy Temple and set it on fire. Over the blackened ruins of the temple lay the ruins of the great Jewish revolt for political independence. To many Jews, it seemed that Judaism itself was broken beyond repair.

Of the approximately four to five million Jews in the world, more than a million died in that failed war of independence. Many died of starvation, others were killed by fire and crucifixion. So many Jews were sold into slavery and given to battlegrounds and circuses that the price of slaves dropped rapidly, fulfilling the ancient curse: “You will be sold there as slaves, and no one will want to buy” (cf. (Read Deuteronomy 28:68.) The destruction was preceded by such devastating events they read like Holocaust scenes.

When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed

When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed

Hunger: “Hunger overcomes all other passions, it destroys dignity… Women take the stomachs eaten by their husbands in their mouths, and children do the same to fathers and mothers to their babies; , died in their hands, they were not ashamed to take from them the last drops of food that could save their lives…”

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On the ninth day of Av, it was said that the mountain, on which the temple stands, was burning hot, coming out of its base, and full of fire all around; But blood was greater than fire; and the slain were more than those who killed them. Because the earth was not visible from the corpses lying on it.”

Civil War Among the Jews: “The cries [of the Jews] fought day and night, but the continuous howling of the mourners was more terrible.” Even those who were still alive were not thought of by their relatives. And there was no concern about the burial of the dead. The reason was that everyone had given up.”

The weariness of the total dedication of one’s life and the struggle for nothing was weakening him, but the problem of religion was getting worse. The sanctuary of God, which was restored after returning to Zion in the sixth century before the Common Era, which is a symbol of the unbroken covenant between Israel and God, was destroyed. This creates doubt in people’s relationship with their Lord. Had God abandoned the covenant with Israel?

The Temple was central to Jewish religious life in a way that is difficult to recreate today. Many Jews believed that sin itself could only be overcome by offering a sin offering in the Temple. Without such forgiveness, the sinner was condemned to be separated from God, which is equivalent to not having a proper life. But the stream of sacrifice was now cut off.

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For many Jews, the entire Jewish experience was sacramental. The priests were preparing; ignorant crowds watch; their religious life was illuminated only on those rare occasions when crowds gathered in Jerusalem. There, in fear of the Passover sacrifice or the Yom Kippur ritual of atonement, they hear the glimmer of God’s power pouring out grace and blessing upon the people and making the Lord’s power into a wonderful presence. For these people, after destruction, there was only emptiness.

Most of the Jews did not agree. Someone in this community responded with great frustration. The Talmud speaks of ‘the mourners of Zion’ who do not eat meat or drink wine. They rejected any normal life and chose not to marry or have children. Simple human activities – having a child, getting married, doing good deeds in society – are supported only by a great level of faith and affirmation of life, and faith in the ultimate meaning. Because of the tragedy and the threat that was still hanging over the Jewish community, these people felt that they could not go on with their lives as usual. But refusing to live normally, they turned their despair into action: they did everything they could to restore the temple. Only the rebuilding of the shrine can reduce the evil fear and restore life to normal.

The two main remaining groups, the Pharisees and the Sadducees, shared the same belief that the Temple should be rebuilt, although the Sadducees, including the courtiers and priests, could not conceive of Judaism without the Temple. This consensus has driven people to extreme measures. In the years 115 to 117 C.E. there was a widespread revolt of the Jews living in other countries, which was suppressed with bloodshed.

When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed

In 132 C.E. the remaining people of Judah revolted, led by Simon Bar Kokhba. But once again, the terrible power of Rome was used. Bar Kokhba and his forces were destroyed and the rest of Judah were exiled. With this victory, hopes of a speedy restoration of the temple were completely dashed.

Destruction Of Jerusalem Temple Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

Av Your browser does not support the audio element. Pronunciation: ahv, Origin: Hebrew, Jewish month that usually corresponds to July-August. Talmud Your browser does not support the audio element. Pronunciation: TALL-mud, Origin: Hebrew, a set of teachings and commentaries in the Torah that form the basis of Jewish law. It includes the Mishnah and Gemara and contains the opinions of thousands of rabbis from various periods of Jewish history. Yom Kippur Your browser does not support the audio element. Pronunciation: yohm KIPP-er, also yohm kee-PORE, Origin: Hebrew, Day of Atonement, the holiest day in the Jewish calendar and Rosh Hashanah, one of the High Holidays.

The practice associated with this holiday is more akin to the experience of being a refugee than a grieving person. The First Temple was destroyed on the 10th of Av (Jeremiah 52:12) or the 7th (2Kings 25:8). The Second Temple, according to Josephus, was destroyed on the 10th. How come Rabbinic Jews remember the destruction of both Temples on Av 9?

The Siege and Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans AD 70, David Roberts 1850 Collection from the Yeshiva University Museum.

The 9th of Av is described in Jewish rabbinical sources as the day on which both Temples were destroyed. It has been observed by Jews for thousands of years as a day of fasting and mourning, and appears to have biblical roots dating back to the Babylonian captivity, as the prophet Zechariah mentions the “fasting of the 5th month (=Av)” in the early restoration. time .

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Among the group of four beasts, which are thought to mourn the destruction of Jerusalem, which will be celebrations in the liberating future:

זקריה ח:יט כֹה אָמַר יְהוָה צְבאוֹת צום הרביעי וצום החמישי וצום השביעי וצום העשירי יְהיה לביט יהודה לשון ולשמה ולמֱדיים והאמֱל וַהַׁ. Zechariah 8:19 Thus says the Lord of hosts: The fast of the fourth month, the fast of the fifth month, the fast of the seventh month, and the fast of the tenth month will be joys and gladnesses, and times of happiness for you. the house of Judah; but you must love honesty and integrity.”

Zechariah did not say what each of these feasts is, or the day of the month it is observed, but according to several rabbinic traditions, listed below, this fast occurs on the 9th of Av—

When Was The First Temple Of Jerusalem Destroyed

If you use a device, you better choose the best one for you…. Five events happened to our fathers on 17 Tamuz[2] and five on 9 Av…. תשעσ ב: in the 9th of AV: נגזσ ע בener בותו ש קנששןו לτץ iefץêב nelת בginשונσ anch iefagon eckern iefה50 בυimes ב bec נחqתê anch ‘not permitted by the sinner. The First Temple was destroyed. Likewise in the second [Temple]. Betar [the capital of Bar Kochba] was captured. The city [Jerusalem] was plowed up [by Hadrian to make it a pagan city].

The Destruction Of The Temple In Jerusalem, Israel, By Francesco Hayez 1791

While this list includes the tragedies that happened on this day, it is more likely that the rabbis started with one well-known event and date and then placed these other events on that day to express divine direction after that and show God’s hand in history. as punishing Israel for her sins. Since Numbers 14 does not give a date for the story of the spies, and the last three tragedies all occurred in the Second Temple period or later, the central event may have been the destruction of the First Temple, which had already been mourned during the captivity. during Av.

(Milikovsky ed.), the first rabbinic text that provides an overview of Jewish history, lists only the destruction of the two Temples, emphasizing how this day was chosen by Providence for the destruction of the Second Temple to coincide with the First (Chapter 30):

It is better to use a tool to connect the device. כשח On Saturdays הcare בשונσ ה iefum מוצõ ה πearch ווצcare שß ש exam (ת) πuleתσ, iefתו ש י nelversd That’s it. R. Yossi would say: Eligibility is deferred to the date of eligibility and calculation

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