Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

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Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important – The battle of Stalingrad was the biggest of all the battles of the Second World War. Understanding what happened in this important battle will help you understand the significance of the Battle of Stalingrad.

The battle took place as Germany and its allies attempted to seize control of the city in southern Russia. The Germans targeted Stalingrad for its industrial capacity and proximity to the Volga River, which would allow German forces to cut off trade sources and military deployments.

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

The battle began in August 1942, when German forces launched an offensive with units of the 6th Army and 4th Panzer Army. The attack was supported by bombings that destroyed much of the city. The destruction of the city changed the nature of combat to urban warfare, where soldiers on both sides worked to navigate their immediate environment.

The Motherland Calls: The Battle Of Stalingrad, 75 Years Later

Both sides brought heavy forces into the battle, and in November of the same year, German troops managed to push back the Soviet defenders along the Volga River. However, on November 19, the direction of the battle changed. The Soviets launched an operation that involved targeting the weaker German forces guarding the flanks of the 6th Army. The strength of this counterattack was underestimated and the weaker armies were overwhelmed.

During the Soviet counterattack, the Soviet troops managed to cut off the German 6th Army. Adolf Hitler ordered the army to stay in the city and not try to escape. Heavy fighting continued, but eventually the Axis forces ran out of ammunition and supplies. On February 2, 1943, the remainder of the 6th Army surrendered. Despite staggering losses, the Soviet Army won the offensive, which turned out to be a turning point in their conflict with Germany.

The urban environment of combat added challenges not otherwise present on the open battlefield. This meant fighting where territory was gained house by house in areas that still had a civilian population. Each side had to change its strategy about a quarter of the way through the battle. In addition to these challenges, both sides were desperately short of supplies, resulting in thousands of casualties almost every week.

Axis bombing reduced most of the city to rubble, but Soviet soldiers turned the ruins into defensive positions. The timing of the attack was another benefit, as the harsh winter played a role in the surrender of the remaining Axis soldiers.

The Lighthouse Of Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the deadliest in the history of modern warfare, with 850,000 Axis soldiers killed, missing or wounded, and more than a million Soviet soldiers killed. Many civilians of the city were also killed during the fighting.

The significance of the Battle of Stalingrad is often seen in the staggering number of casualties and the visible destruction caused to the city. The lives of those who survived the battle changed dramatically.

Perhaps what makes this battle most significant is how it has affected families. You can search WWII records and other records from that era to find out what role your ancestors played in this pivotal time in world history and what their lives might have been like because of it. Knowing the struggles of our ancestors can make our struggles easier. Here, Soviet border guards are seen shooting at German troops from the windows of bombed-out buildings in Stalingrad in 1942. Sovfoto/Universal Images Group via Getty.

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

Atop a hill in the southern Russian city of Volgograd is a statue of the river Volga, formerly known as Stalingrad. The sculpture, titled “The Motherland Calls,” depicts a woman with a sword looking over her shoulder to rally her people.

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The 279-foot (85-meter) sculpture stands as a memorial to the 1.1 million Soviet soldiers and 40,000 Soviet civilians who were killed, wounded or captured during the heroic defense of Stalingrad against Nazi German forces during World War II. More Soviet soldiers died in Stalingrad than American soldiers in the entire Second World War.

Stalingrad was never to be the site of one of the most decisive and deadly battles of the war, but there, in 1942, the iron wills of two ruthless dictators, Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin, collided in a month-long bloodbath. – Absorbed wear fighting.

Germany did not fully recover from the devastating defeat at the Battle of Stalingrad, saving the victorious war of conquest in the fight for survival.

Hitler’s goal of Operation Barbarossa was the complete destruction of Communist Russia. Seen here is the Nazi coup in Minsk, Russia, which was largely captured and destroyed by German troops. Image via Alliance/Getty Image

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Significant?

In December 1940, Hitler announced Operation Barbaro, a massive German invasion of the Soviet Union. Hitler hated the Soviet Union and declared that “we only have to kick in the door and the whole rotten structure will collapse.”

In Hitler’s view, the communist nation was populated by “subhuman” racial and ethnic groups such as Jews and Slavs. These racially “inferior” groups would either die on the battlefield or be imprisoned as slave labor for the Aryan German invaders who would colonize the vast and fertile Soviet lands for Lebensraum, or “living space.”

“Operation Barbarossa for Hitler wasn’t just about defeating Communist Russia, it was about completely destroying Communist Russia, wiping it off the face of the earth,” says Jonathan Trigg, historian and author of The Battle of Stalingrad Through German Eyes. Death of the Sixth Army.”

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

As it turned out, the Nazis grossly underestimated their enemy. Hitler and his commanders based their low opinion of the Red Army on Russia’s poor performance in World War I, but much had changed in 20 years. Under a brutal, totalitarian system, Stalin and the Communists turned a weak and ineffective Tsar’s Russia into a “military and economic behemoth,” says Trigg.

Buy World War Ii Stalingrad: A History From Beginning To End (world War 2 Battles) Book Online At Low Prices In India

A squadron of German Stukas flies into Stalingrad to continue the massive aerial bombardment of the city. Mondador via Getty Images

Operation Barbarossa began in June 1941, the largest German troop mobilization to date, involving more than 3.5 million Nazi and Axis troops, 3,400 panzer tanks and 2,700 aircraft. Hitler’s plan was to attack simultaneously on three fronts: Leningrad in the north, Ukraine in the south, and the capital Moscow in the center. He predicted that the three would be captured within 10 weeks.

And at first everything went according to plan for the Germans. The Nazis launched relentless bombing raids against Soviet airfields and cities, and panzer units captured hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers. But despite these early victories, the Germans were unable to secure their objectives.

Stalin commanded a Red Army of 5 million and he fed a constant stream of soldiers to defend these cities or die trying. Retreating Soviet soldiers were routinely shot by their own commanders.

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In the fall of 1941, heavy rains turned Russia’s dirt roads into impassable quagmires, and then cold winter temperatures set in, forcing the Germans to delay their invasion until the following summer.

Due to the failure of Moscow, Hitler developed a different strategy for 1942. He believed that Germany’s Achilles heel was its lack of domestic oil reserves, which meant that the German army was constantly short of fuel. Instead of re-invading Moscow as everyone had expected, Hitler launched Operation Blue, a long march south into the Caucasus to capture the rich oil fields of the Soviet region.

Stalingrad was directly in the path of the Nazi advance from the south, but the German high command did not consider its capture to be strategically important.

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

“At that time, in all the meetings he had with Hitler’s top commanders, he constantly talked about “oil. oil oil”. “That was the point,” says Trigg. Stalingrad was never discussed.

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #1: Battle Of Stalingrad

After Stalingrad was finally freed from German occupation, the city was left in ruins. On the left side are the remains of an L-shaped residential building. To the right is a dilapidated railroad house. Wikimedia Commons/(CC-BY-SA 3.0)

“Paulus did what the Germans usually did, bombed the city en masse in the hope that the Soviets would flee,” says Trigg.

Paulus ordered a massive aerial bombardment of Stalingrad, a narrow city north and south along the Volga River. The relentless bombardment was followed by heavy artillery strikes that reduced much of the city to rubble. Then it was time for the German infantry to come in, led by Panzer Panzer divisions.

“Polus found that in an urban environment where the streets were full of craters and covered in rubble, the Panzer was worse than useless,” says Trigg.

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The Battle of Stalingrad became a street-to-street, door-to-door battle, and the Soviets were able to force German tanks into impassable streets and trap infantry. Exposed Nazis were easy targets for Soviet snipers and even homemade Molotov cocktails dropped from rooftops.

Paulus, not a terribly innovative commander, believed the best answer was more firepower, Trigg says. More airstrikes and more artillery fire.

“Yes, the Soviet defenses at Stalingrad suffered terrible damage, but this

Why Was The Battle Of Stalingrad So Important

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