Why Was The Printing Press So Important

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Why Was The Printing Press So Important – This article is about a historical device built by Johannes Gutberg. For modern printing technology, see printing.

A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface that is placed on a printing surface (such as paper or fabric), thereby transferring the ink. This represents a dramatic improvement over the original printing method in which fabric, paper or other media are repeatedly cleaned to achieve ink transfer, speeding up the process. Mostly used for writing, manufacturing and global media is one of the most influential events of the second century.

Why Was The Printing Press So Important

Why Was The Printing Press So Important

In Germany, around 1440, the goldsmith Johannes Gutberg invented the movable type printing press, starting the Printing Revolution. Based on current thread media, a single Raissance brochure can produce 3,600 pages per working day,

Johannes Gutenberg: Cultural Impact Of The Printing Press

The newly designed Gutberg die allows the production of metal models more accurately and quickly. His two inventions, manual printing and mobile printing, together reduced the cost of books and other publications in Europe, especially for short-run editions.

From Mainz, the telephone edition spread within a few years to more than two hundred cities in various European countries.

In the 16th century, with the printing press expanding even further, production more than doubled to around 150 to 200 million.

Around the middle of the 17th century, the first printing press arrived in colonial America due to the growing demand for Bibles and other religious books.

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The work of the newspaper became a risk of publication, and its name became that of a new term in communication, “newspaper”.

The advent of the portable printing press in Europe and the Raissance ushered in an era of mass communication, which completely changed the structure of society. Propaganda and ideas (revolutionary) without limits crossed the border, captured the society and the Reformation and threatened the power of the rulers and authorities. The rapid increase in reading and literacy undermined the ability of the educated to study and learn and strengthened the emerging middle class. Across Europe, the rise of individual culture led to the emergence of proto-nationalism, and accelerated the development of European vernaculars, undermining Latin’s status as the lingua franca.

In the 19th century, the replacement of Gutberg’s manual presses with the steam-powered rotary printing press made it possible to print on an industrial scale.

Why Was The Printing Press So Important

The rapid economic and social development of medieval European society created the ideal intellectual and technological conditions for the better forms of publishing Gutberg: the spirit of emerging capitalism increasingly influenced the style ancient production, encouraging economic thought and promoting improvement. efficiency of traditional work processes. The high growth of learning and literacy in ancient times made the middle class to demand more books that the time-consuming process of copying could not accept.

Printing And The History Of Printing Processes

Pre-printing technologies that led to the creation of newspapers include: paper production, ink production, woodblock printing, and glass distribution.

At the same time, many traditional products and techniques have reached a level of maturity that allows them to be used for printing. Gutberg takes these broad threads, combines them into one complete, functional system, and refines the printing process through its entire process adding many of its own creative and innovative elements:

A contemporary wine bar. Such irons were put to use in Europe for various uses and provided Gutberg with the model for his printing press.

The screw press which allowed direct pressure to be applied to the flat surface was a classic in Gutberg’s time and was used for a variety of applications.

Global Spread Of The Printing Press

Introduced by the Romans in the first century AD, it was mainly used in agriculture to press grapes and olives (for olive oil), both of which were an important part of the Mediterranean and ancient cuisine.

This device was used from the beginning in urban areas as a bed for the printing process.

It could also be that the printing presses that have spread throughout Germany since the 14th century work on the same manufacturing principle, Gutberg suggested.

Why Was The Printing Press So Important

During the Golden Age of Islam, Arab Muslims published texts, including verses from the Qur’an, adopted the Chinese literary work, developed it and adopted it in the Muslim world, which led to a great increase in production. characters. text. In Egypt during the Fatimid period, the printing process was adopted by hand copying text on paper and issued it in large numbers to meet demand.

The Stanhope Or Iron Printing Press, 18th Century. . The Stanhope Or Iron Printing Press, Stock Photo, Picture And Rights Managed Image. Pic. Mev 10935473

However, printing provides requests on a very different machine than typing. Gutberg modified his construction so that the compressive force of the plate is applied to the sheet now both individually and with the sudden change required. To speed up the printing process, he introduced a flat movable table where the paper could be changed quickly.

The concept of movable type predates 15th century Europe; Evidence shows that the principle of typography, the idea of ​​creating text using any letter, is known to have appeared in the 12th century and possibly earlier (the oldest known device since the Phaistos disk). Famous examples come from a type of printing that was carried in China during the Song Dynasty; in Korea during the Goryeo dynasty, where movable type printing technology was developed in 1234;

However, the different methods used (destruction, boxing, and individual letter writing) lack the subtlety and efficiency necessary for widespread acceptance. Tsu-Hsuin and Needham, and Briggs and Burke argue that portable printing was not used in China and Korea.

Gutberg further developed this method by treating the typesetting and printing as two separate processes. A goldsmith, he created his type from a lead-based alloy suitable for the printing presses that use them today.

History Of Media Notes

Many mechanical alphabets were created by creating special hand-made keys, matrices.

The Latin alphabet was a great advantage in this system because, unlike the logographic writing system, it allowed the scribes to transcribe any text with a minimum of only about 12 different letters. separate.

Another reason for the printing of books is from books in the form of codexes, which were written back in Roman times.

Why Was The Printing Press So Important

Considered to be the most important advance in the history of literature before printing itself, the codex completely replaced ancient scrolls from the early Middle Ages ( AD 500).

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The Codex has many advantages over the scroll system: it is easier to read (by turning the pages), more compact, and cheaper, and both sides of the recto and the other side can be used. for writing or printing, unlike scrolls.

The fourth development was the first development of the ancient writers in the organization of writing. The introduction of the water-powered paper mill, the first concrete evidence of which dates from 1282,

The production of ctres began to double at the end of the 13th century in Italy, reducing the price of paper to one-sixth of leather and falling further; Paper makers arrived in Germany some time later.

However, it seems that the paper’s recent innovation is based on the rapid spread of portable printing.

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It should be noted that skin codes, which are higher than other characters.

After many experiments, Gutberg overcame the difficulties caused by traditional water-based inks by applying the paper, and found an oil-based ink system suitable for high-quality printing on metal models.

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Why Was The Printing Press So Important

This engraving from 1568 shows a printer on the left erasing pages from a letter press while the one on the right applies a block of the text. Such a duo can achieve 14,000 hand movements per working day, giving a score of ca. 3,600 pages in progress.

Rotary Printing Press

The press, in its old form, is a vertical structure, from 5 to 7 feet (1.5 to 2.1 m) long, 3 feet (0.91 m) wide and 7 feet (2.1 m) high. . Compilers must arrange small machine characters known as types into the required lines of text. Several lines of text will be arranged at once and placed on a tree known as a boat. Once the correct number of pages have been placed, the ship will be placed face to face, also known as form.

Which is itself placed on a flat stone, ‘bed’, or ‘coffin’. The text is inked with two balls, and the pointer is adjusted by hand. The ball is made of leather, because it has no pores.

And filled it with sheep’s hair and ink. This ink is applied to the text every day. A piece of paper was removed from it

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